The city of Halifax is situated in Halifax Harbour within the Province of Nova Scotia. The area was originally inhabited by the Mi'kmaq peoples who called the harbour, Jipugtug that translates to Great Harbour. In 1749, the very first Europeans settled within the region calling it the Town of Halifax. The town grew slowly before becoming Halifax County in the next decades. In the year 1996, the government amalgamated all the municipal governments in Halifax County.
When discovering the city of Halifax, amongst the best places to go to, include the Dartmouth Heritage Walk. What's more, the South and Eastern Shores of Halifax Harbour are amongst the other places to go when visiting the area. For park lovers, they can visit the Admirals Park, the Atlantic View Trail, where the old rail bridges lead across a large salt marsh and tidal estuary. The Bedford Lions Sandy Lake Park is an exciting location to see forest regeneration. Its trail leads to the Jack Lake lands to the east, where the place for the detention centre was supposed to be erected but was never constructed. The Beechville Lakeside Timberlea Rails to Trails is utilized by a lot of pedestrians, cyclists and skiers. The trail twists through a path of mixed wood regenerating from logging along spectacular inland bogs which provides access to the narrow stream and lake systems of the Granite Uplands. Martinique Beach Provincial Park is the only known location in the region where the endangered piping plover species nest in the bare sands. Martinique is one of the province's biggest crescent beaches and forms a barrier between the Atlantic and the protected lagoon and marshes behind. Queensland Beach Provincial Park boast of its fine white sand on the narrow beach. The sand contains feldspar crystals and sandy granite that extends several hundred meters from the beach.
The post-secondary students of the region have a strong influence in the local cultural scene of the popular Halifax Regional Municipality, and their influence has led to its popularity as a main cultural centre within the Atlantic provinces. The area has numerous theatres, like The Neptune Theatre, The Rebecca Cohn Theatre and The Music Room. Halifax is likewise a popular place for cultural attractions, like the Symphony Nova Scotia, Khyber ICA, the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic and the Neptune Theatre. The whole area is famous for its music and nightlife scene, mainly in the central urban core.
Within the urban area of Halifax is a strong concentration of private sector companies and government services. The city is considered the central center for numerous banking, cultural and government activities in the Maritime region. The main businesses in the area comprise the Port of Halifax, the Department of National Defence, and the Halifax Stanfield International Airport. Recent developments have put a spotlight on its flourishing real estate. The other active businesses of the region are natural gas extraction, forestry, mining, fishing and agriculture. The most common resources found at Halifax are limestone, gypsum, gold, shale, and clay.